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Human resource management (HRM) is the management of people and systems that help support a company’s business goals. It includes activities like recruiting interviews, hiring, salary management and training, as well as record keeping, and workplace safety. It also covers various legal functions including compliance with labor and employment laws. HR managers are accountable for implementing and monitoring policies to ensure ethical treatment of employees.

HR professionals utilize data to help make decisions regarding compensation and benefits like bonus or salary increases, as well as to track the performance of employees. HR managers must be aware of trends and legal obligations in relation to these issues, which can change quickly. They often collaborate with other departments to develop strategies that meet the company’s larger goals.

Companies who invest in a highly-performing workforce enjoy higher productivity and sustainability as well as increased profit margins. HR teams are accountable to assist employees in reaching their maximum potential by empowering and supporting them. They may use a process known as SWOT analysis to assess strengths and weaknesses, as well as opportunities and threats, before brainstorming specific ways to make the most of the former and minimize the latter.

Often, an effective strategy will take a long time to implement. HR managers are often driven by pressures of the moment, such as budgets and annual plans to concentrate more on immediate issues than long-term goals. However, successful HR managers understand the importance of patience and perseverance.