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Data security is the collection of all the processes and technologies utilized to protect an organization’s data from external threats and cyber-criminals. These include everything, from encryption and data masking to automatic reporting and redaction that streamline auditing procedures. These tools help organizations prevent data breaches by making sure that only authorized users are able to access data, and also by detecting abnormal activity. They also offer an additional layer of protection against human error, which continues to be one of the primary reasons for data breaches.

Data security is designed to protect trade information, customer information and other confidential information from falling into hackers’ hands. It helps companies to maintain regulatory compliance, avoiding costly fines and lawsuits, and also harm to their reputation.

Access controls are an essential type of data security that restricts both physical and digital access. This means that devices and computers are required to be password-protected, and only authorized users are permitted to enter physical spaces.

Authentication is the process of identifying individuals prior to allowing them to be granted access to information. It can be done using something they know (e.g. an account password), something they have (e.g. the security token) or even something they’re (e.g. fingerprints).

Backup data is a crucial component of any data security plan. This assures that in the event of a system malfunction or disaster, or data corruption, you are able to retrieve your information. Cleaning backups regularly of no longer necessary data is crucial as well.